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Top 5 Crop Cultivation in India

Posted On - 9 February, 2023

Category - Agriculture

India is increasing its agriculture activities very well and is known for growing major crops such as rice, wheat, maize, rice, pulses, jute and sugarcane. It is difficult to do farm practices by hand, so a variety of machines are available to increase farmer’s comfort.Many companies such as Sonalika, Solis Yanmar, Mahindra, Swaraj, John Deere, etc are making strong efforts in supporting farmers for best crop cultivation in India.

The major crops of India include:

1. RICE:

Rice is a kharif crop majorly grown in West Bengal along with other states such as Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Assam, etc. It grows very well in deep clayey and loamy soil. Firstly, the cultivator is used to loosen the soil and mixing the fertilizers. For planting, a self-propelled or tractor-operatedRice Transplanter can be used to put rice seedlings at equal distance.


Wheat is the most consumed food grain in India. It is widely produced in Uttar Pradesh along with Punjab and Madhya Pradesh. The suitable soil for wheat cultivation is Clayey Loam soil. Combine Harvester is a machine that makes the harvesting easier by doing reaping, threshing and winnowing. It requires high HP tractor for its daily operation.


After rice and wheat, maize is the third most famous crop cultivated in India. Loamy sand to Clay loam is suitable for cultivation of maize. Rotary Tiller and MB Plough are best suitable for preparing land for maize. Shred Cutter is a special implement for maize that cuts and chops the crop evenly in a shorter duration of time. This implement requires 45 HP or above tractor for operation.


Sugarcane is commonly produced in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat, and Kerala regions. Loamy soil is the best for sugarcane cultivation in India.

Sugarcane Harvester is regularly used for sugarcane farming and requires low HP tractors. A variety of sugarcane harvesters are available in the market and one of the popular brand is Solis Tractor which offers excellent farm implements for crop cultivation in India.


Cotton is an important crop for textile industry and is commonly grown in Maharashtra, Gujarat and Telangana. Black soil is good for cotton cultivation but needs high HP tractors as the soil type is hard and dry.

Cotton Harvester is designed for picking up the matured cotton balls at the time of harvesting. Farmers can increase the cotton harvest by 90-98% with this implement.


India is rich for growing major crops - Rice, Wheat, Maize, Sugarcane and Cotton. Agriculture implements such as cultivator, rotary tiller, MB Plough, rice transplanter, sugarcane harvester, shredder and cotton harvester are mostly used in the country. Solis Yanmar is a leading tractor brand in India that delivers high-quality tractors and implements all over the world.

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